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Biographical entry Anderson, William (c. 1748 - 1778)

Born
c. 1748
North Berwick, Scotland
Died
1778
Occupation
Naturalist and Surgeon

Summary

William Anderson was educated in medicine at Edinburgh University in Scotland (1762 - 1768) and in surgery at the Royal College of Surgeons in England (1768 - 1770). He played a significant role in James Cooks second (1772 - 1775) and third (1776 - 1780) voyages on the ship Resolution as surgeon, naturalist and interpreter. His contributions included illustrative vocabularies of a number of languages from the pacific ocean region (primarily Polynesian). He died at sea in 1778.

Details

Events

1762 - 1769
Education - Anatomy, Edinburgh University, Scotland
1768
Life event - Passed British Navy exam to qualify as Surgeon's First Mate
1768 - 1770
Education - Surgery, Royal College of Surgeons, England
1772 - 1775
Career position - Surgeon's First Mate, James Cook's second voyage focused on circumnavigation on the Resolution
1776 - 1778
Career position - Surgeon and Naturalist, James Cook's third voyage searching for a north-east passage on the Resolution

Related People

  • Cook, James (1728 - 1779)

    William Anderson served as a naturalist and surgeon on James Cook's second and third voyages on the ship the Resolution.

    Date: 1772 - 1778

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

The National Archives, UK

  • Captains' logs, including: EXPLORATIONS: RESOLUTION (2) W. Anderson (1776 June 7-1777 Sept 2). EXPLORATIONS: RESOLUTION (1) W. Paul (1776 July 13-1778 Aug 8), 1776 - 1778, ADM 51/4560; The National Archives, UK. Details
  • Will of William Anderson, Surgeon of His Majesty's Sloop Resolution, 14 November 1780, PROB 11/1070/312; The National Archives, UK. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • James Cook - Records, 1768 - 1779, 910.4 COO; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

Published resources

Books

  • Godwin, George, Vancouver, a Life, 1757-1798, Philip Allan, London, 1930. Details

Journal Articles

  • Bailey, F. M., 'A Concise History of Australian Botany', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, vol. 8, 1891, pp. xvii-xli. Details
  • Iredale, T., 'William Anderson, Ornithologist.', Emu, vol. 38, 1938, pp. 60-62. Details
  • Keevil, J. J., 'William Anderson, 1748 - 1778, master surgeon, Royal Navy', Annals of Medical History, vol. 5, 1933, pp. 511 - 524. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'Records of Australian Botanists - (a) General, (b) New South Wales', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. xlii, 1908, pp. 60-132. Details
  • Maiden, J.H., 'Records of Tasmanian Botanists', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 1909, pp. 9-29. Details
  • Snell, W. E., 'Captain Cook's surgeons', Medical History, vol. 7, 1963, pp. 43 - 55. Details

Resource Sections

Elizabeth Daniels