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Biographical entry Taylor, Thomas Griffith (1880 - 1963)


1 December 1880
Walthamstow, Essex, England
5 November 1963
Manly, New South Wales, Australia
Geographer and Meteorologist


Thomas Taylor was senior geologist to the British Antarctic expedition 1910-1913 under R.F. Scott. He was Associate Professor of Geography, University of Sydney 1920-1928, and then professor at the Universities of Chicago 1928-1935 and Toronto 1935-1951. In 1913 he and E.T. Quayle wrote the first text-book on Australian meteorology Climate and Weather of Australia.



1910 - 1913
Career position - Senior Geologist, R. F. Scott British Antarctic Expedition
Career position - Climate and Weather of Australia co-authored with E.T. Quayle
1920 - 1928
Career position - Associate Professor of Geography, The University of Sydney, Australia
1928 - 1935
Career position - Professor of Geography, The University of Chicago, United States of America
1935 - 1951
Career position - Professor of Geography, The University of Toronto, Canada
1954 -
Award - Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science (FAA)

Related Corporate Bodies

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Thomas Griffith Taylor - Records, 1960, MS 041; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Thomas Griffith Taylor - Records, 1903 - 1933, Uncatalogued MSS set 460; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection

  • Thomas Griffith Taylor - Records, 1880 - 1963, MS 1003; National Library of Australia Manuscript Collection. Details

University of Sydney, Archives

  • Thomas Griffith Taylor - Records, 1899 - 1916, Acc 979; University of Sydney, Archives. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions


  • Sanderson, Marie, Griffith Taylor: Antarctic Scientist and Pioneer Geographer, Carleton University Press, Ottawa, 1988, 229 pp. Details
  • Strange, Carolyn and Bashford, Alison, Griffith Taylor: Visionary, Environmentalist, Explorer, National Library of Australia, Canberra, 2008, 200 pp. Details
  • Taylor, T. G., Journeyman Taylor. The Education of a Scientist, Hale, London, 1958. Details
  • Taylor, T. Griffith, Douglas Mawson, Great Australians, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1962. Details

Book Sections

  • Powell, J. M., 'Taylor, Thomas Griffith (1880-1963), Geographer', in John Ritchie (ed.), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 12, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1990, pp. 185-188. Details
  • Powell, J.M., 'Thomas Griffith Taylor, 1880-1963', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004. Details

Conference Papers

  • Oldroyd, D. R., 'Griffith Taylor and his Views on Race, Environment and Settlement and the Peopling of Australia', in D. F. Branagan and G. H. McNally (eds), Useful and Curious Geological Enquiries Beyond the World: Pacific-Asia Historical Themes: The 19th International INHIGEO Symposium, Sydney, Australia, 4-8 July, 1994, International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences, Sydney, 1994, pp. 251-274. Details

Edited Books

  • Andrews, John (ed.), Frontiers and men: a volume in memory of Griffith Taylor (1880-1963), Cheshire, Melbourne, 1966, 186 pp. Details

Journal Articles

  • 'Griffith Taylor 1880-1963', Australian Geographical Studies, vol. II, no. 1, April 1964, pp. 1-9. Details
  • Bourke, Helen, 'Intellectuals for Export: Australia in the 1920's', Australian Cultural History, vol. 3, 1984, pp. 59-93. Details
  • Hanley, W. S., 'Griffith Taylor's Antarctic Achievements: a Geographical Foundation', Australian Geographical Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, 1980, pp. 22-36. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'The Bowman, Huntington and Taylor Correspondence, 1928', Australian Geographer, vol. 14, 1978, pp. 123-125. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'The Cyclist on the Ice: Griffith Taylor as Explorer', Royal Geographical Society of Australia (SA Branch), Proceedings, 1979, pp. 1-28. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'Thomas Griffith Taylor, 1888-1963', Geographers: Bibliographical Studies, vol. 3, 1979, pp. 141-153. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'Griffith Taylor and 'Australia Unlimited'', Habitat, vol. 8, 1980, pp. 6-8. Details
  • Powell, J. M., 'National Identity and the Gifted Immigrant: a Note on T. Griffith Taylor, 1880-1963', Journal of Intercultural Studies, vol. 2, 1981, pp. 43-54. Details
  • Powell, J. M., '1928: Griffith Taylor Emigrates from Australia', Geography Bulletin, vol. 10, 1987, pp. 5-13. Details
  • Quilty, Patrick G., 'Laying the Foundation: Early Australian Earth Scientists in the Antarctic: Part 2 - Geologists with Scott's 1911-1912 Final Expedition', TAG: Geological Society of Australia Newsletter, vol. 161, 2011, pp. 21-6. Details
  • Strange, Carolyn, 'The Personality of Environmental Prediction: Griffith Taylor as "Latter-Day" Prophet', Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 21, 2010, pp. 133-48. Details


See also

  • Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Technology in Australia 1788-1988, Online edn, Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, Melbourne, 3 May 2000, Details
  • Federation and Meteorology, 2001, Details
  • Cooper, Barry J. and Jago, James B., 'Early Understanding of the Cambrian in South Australia: 1839-1910', in Pierson, R. R. (ed.), The History of Geology in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century; the Story in Australia, and in Victoria, from Selwyn and McCoy to Gregory - 1853 to 1903, Earth Sciences History Group, GSA Inc., Melbourne, 2007, pp. 20-5. Details

McCarthy, G.J.