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Biographical entry David, Tannatt William Edgeworth (1858 - 1934)

FRS, KBE

Born
28 January 1858
St Fagans, Glamorgan, Wales
Died
28 August 1934
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Occupation
Geologist and Surveyor

Summary

Edgeworth David was one of Australia's foremost geologists. After arriving in Australia in 1822 to take up the position of Assistant Geological Surveyor for the Geological Survey of New South Wales, he was Professor of Geology at the University of Sydney for 35 years from 1891. His geological interests were varied and included coal deposits, glaciation and the subsidence of coral reefs. In 1907 to 1909 he participated in the second British Antarctic Expedition and led the first party to reach the south magnetic pole. During WWI he played a key role on the formation of the Australian Mining Corps and served with the Corps. David was active in scientific organisations, being president of Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Royal and Linnean Societies of New South Wales. He was also the first President of the Australian National Research Council. David has been commemorated in a number of ways including the Edgeworth David Medal (awarded by the Royal Society of New South Wales since 1948), the mineral Davidite, and the Edgeworth David Base, a summer station in Antarctica.

Details

Events

1880
Education - BA (hons), University of Oxford
1882
Life event - Settled in Australia
1882 - 1891
Career position - Assistant Government Geologist, New South Wales
1891 - 1924
Career position - Professor of Geology, University of Sydney
1892
Career position - President, Geology Section, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science Meeting, Hobart
1895
Career position - President, Royal Society of New South Wales
1895
Career position - President, Geology Section, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science Meeting, Brisbane
1899
Award - Bigsby Medal, Geological Society of London
1900 - 1934
Award - Fellow, Royal Society, London
1904
Career position - President, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science
1907 - 1909
Career position - Member, second British Antarctic Expedition
1909
Award - Mueller Medal, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science
22 May 1909
Award - Honorary Member, Northern Engineering Institute of New South Wales
1910
Award - Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)
1910
Award - DSc honoris causa University of Oxford
1910
Career position - President, Royal Society of New South Wales
1913
Career position - President, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science
1915
Award - Wollaston Medal, Geological Society of London
1915 - 1919
Career position - Served as Major (later Lt Colonel), Australian Mining Corps
1917
Award - Clarke Medal, Royal Society of New South Wales
1918
Award - Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
1920
Award - Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)
1921 - 1922
Career position - President, Australian National Research Council
1923
Award - R. M. Johnston Memorial Medal, Royal Society of Tasmania
1926
Award - Patron's Gold Medal, Royal Geographical Society, London

Related Awards

Related Corporate Bodies

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Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Tannatt William Edgeworth David - Records, 1907 - 1933, MS 005; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales

  • Arthur Wilberforce Jose - Records, 1919 - 1925, A7273; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Baldwin Spencer - Records, 1880 - 1929, ML MSS 29; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details
  • Tannatt William Edgeworth David - Records, 1912 - 1950; Mitchell and Dixson Libraries Manuscripts Collection, State Library of New South Wales. Details

State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection

  • Tannatt William Edgeworth David - Records, 1907 - 1909, MS 12213; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details
  • Tannatt William Edgeworth David - Records, 16 February 1931, M5043; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details
  • Tannatt William Edgeworth David - Records, 1938, MS 9456; State Library of Victoria, Australian Manuscripts Collection. Details

University of Sydney, Archives

  • Tannatt William Edgeworth David - Records, 1870 - 1963, P 11; University of Sydney, Archives. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Books

  • Edgeworth David Day, Symposium, Geological Mapping of Two Southern Continents: the Geological Mapping of Australia - from David to 1:50000; the Geology of Antarctica - Exploration to Exploitation? (Sydney: Edgeworth David Society, 1988), 156 pp. Details
  • Branagan, David, T. W. Edgeworth David: a Life (Canberra: National Library of Australia, 2005), 648 pp. Details
  • Carey, S. Warren, Sir Edgeworth David Memorial Oration: Knight Errant of Science (Melbourne: Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1990), 74 pp. Details
  • David, M. E., Professor David. The Life of Sir Edgeworth David, KBE, DSO, FRS (London: Arnold, 1937). Details
  • David, T. W. E., University Science Teaching. in University of Sydney Record of Jubilee Celebrations (Sydney: W. Brooks & Co, 1903). Details
  • Hobbs, W.H., Explorers of the Antarctic. "David. Discoverer of the South Magnetic Pole". (New York: House of Field, 1941), 47-123 pp. Details

Book Sections

  • Branagan, D. F., 'Sir Tannatt William Edgeworth David, 1858-1934' in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004). Details
  • Oldroyd, David R., 'Griffith Taylor, Ernest Andrews et al: Early Ideas on the Development of the River Systems of the Sydney Region, Eastern Australia, and Subsequent Ideas on the Associated Geomorphological Problems' in History of Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology, Grapes, R. H., Oldroyd, D. R. and Grigelis, A., eds (London: Geological Society, 2008), pp. 241-77. Details
  • Vallance, T. G.; Branagan, D. F., 'David, Sir Tannatt William Edgeworth (1858-1934), Geologist' in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle, eds, vol. 8 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1981), pp. 218-221. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A080242b.htm. Details

Conference Papers

  • Branagan, D. F., 'David's Early Work, and his Predecessors', in Edgeworth David Day Symposium: Geological Mapping of Two Southern Continents: the Geological Mapping of Australia - From David to 1:50000; the Geology of Antarctica-Exploration to Exploitation? edited by D. F. Branagan; G. S. Gibbons and K. S. Williams (Sydney: Edgeworth David Society, 1988), pp. 5-10.. Details

Journal Articles

  • Branagan, D., 'Putting Geology on the Map: Edgeworth David and the Geology of the Commonwealth of Australia', Historical Records of Australian Science, 5 (2) (1981), 30-57. http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/HR9810520030.htm. Details
  • Branagan, David, 'Seeking Edgeworth David, Knight in the Old Brown Hat', National Library of Australia News, 9 (11) (1999), 7-11. Details
  • Branagan, David F., 'Edgeworth David's Try - Real or Imagined', Record (The University of Sydney Archives), 2011 (2011), 18024. Details
  • Browne, W. R., 'Sir Edgeworth David, 1858-1934', The Sydney University Gazette, 1 (1958), 214-216. Details
  • Cooper, Barry J., '"Snowball Earth": the Early Contribution from South Australia', Earth Sciences History, 29 (2010), 121-45. Details
  • Corney, B.G. and David, T.W.E, 'Note on the Edible Earth from Fiji', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 33 (1899), 224-227. Details
  • David, T. W. E., 'Archibald Liversidge', Journal of the Chemical Society (1938), 589. Details
  • David, T. W. Edgeworth, 'The Imperial Geophysical Experimental Survey', Journal of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, 4 (107-18) (1931). Details
  • David, T.W. Edgeworth, 'Note on the Origin of "Kerosene Shale"', The Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (1889), 483-500. Details
  • Macleod, Roy and Branagan, David, 'The Architect and the Statesman: Archibald Liversidge, Edgeworth David and the Spirit of Science in Sydney, 1874-1934', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 143 (3/4) (2010), 3-17. Details
  • Mawson, D., 'Sir Tannatt William Edgeworth David, 1858 - 1934', Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society, 1 (4), 493-501. Details
  • Passmore, Virginia, 'The contributions of Edgeworth David in the first World War', Newsletter, Earth Sciences History Group, 45 (2018), 25-9. Details
  • Priestley, R. E., 'Sir Edgeworth David', Australian Quarterly, 10 (2) (1938), 34-39. Details
  • Quilty, Patrick G., 'Laying the foundation: Early Australian Earth Scientists in the Antarctic, Part 1', TAG: Geological Society of Australia Newsletter, 160 (2011), 24-6. Details
  • W.R.B. and H.J.C., 'Tannant William Edgeworth David, 1848-1934.', Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, lxi (1936), 341-357. Details

Resources

Resource Sections

Reviews

  • Branagan, David, T. W. Edgeworth David: a Life (2005)
    Macleod, Roy, Historical Records of Australian Science, 17 (1), (2006), 115-117. Details
  • Branagan, David, T. W. Edgeworth David: a Life (2005)
    Thompson, John, Australian Book Review, 277, (2005), 51. Details

See also

McCarthy, G.J. and Helen Cohn