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Biographical entry Nobelius, Carl Axel (1851 - 1921)

19 June 1851
Tampere, Finland
31 December 1921
Emerald, Victoria, Australia
Orchardist and Nurseryman


Carl Nobelius ran the largest nursery south of the equator. He established his Gembrook Nurseries in Emerald, Victoria in 1890. Six years later, he had two million stock trees and was importing fruit and trees across Australia and to New Zealand, South Africa, India, Japan, Europe and South America. Nobelius even established a large-scale pear and apple orchard in Tasmania. He was a keen experimenter with horticultural techniques and became a highly skilled propagator.



Life event - Migrated to Australia (Melbourne)
Life event - Bought land at Emerald
1890 -
Career position - Orchard and nursery established (50 acres) at his Emerald property

Published resources


  • Nobelius Nursery catalogues. Details

Book Sections

Journal Articles

  • Jenkinson, J.A., 'History of the Nobelius Nurseries 1886-1921, Emerald, Victoria', Australian Garden History, vol. 11, no. 5, 2000. Details
  • Pescott, E. E., 'The Pioneers of Horticulture in Victoria', Victorian Historical Magazine, vol. 18, 1940. Details

Online Resources

McCarthy, G.J.