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Biographical entry Andrews, Ernest Clayton (1870 - 1948)

Born
18 October 1870
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Died
1 July 1948
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Occupation
Botanical collector and Geologist

Summary

Ernest Andrews was Government Geologist, New South Wales 1920-1931 and published two major works on Australian geology entitled "Broken Hill District" (1922) and "Mineral Industry of New South Wales" (1928). He also had an interest in the geological distribution of Australian flora and wrote extensively on the subject, including The Geologic History of the Australian Flowering Plants (1916) and Origin of Pacific Insular Floras (1939). He was a close friend of botanist J.H. Maiden who honoured him in 1904 with the naming of Eucalyptus andrewsii.

Details

Born Sydney, 18 October 1870. Died Sydney, 1 July 1948. Educated University of Sydney (BA 1894). Teacher, Bathurst 1895-98, collected coral reef material and data for Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology in Fiji and Tonga 1898, Geological Survey Branch, New South Wales Department of Mines and Agriculture 1899-1930, Government Geologist of New South Wales 1920-30. President, Royal Society of New South Wales 1921, president, Linnean Society of New South Wales 1937, acting president, 1928-30 and president, 1930-32, Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, chairman, Australian branch, International Oceanographic Committee of the Pacific; President, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 1929. Australian delegate, second Empire Mining and Metallurgical Congress 1927, leader of Australian delegation to the Pacific Science Congress 1929, 1933, 1939. David Syme prize and medal, University of Melbourne 1915, W.B. Clarke medal, Royal Society of New South Wales 1928, Lyell medal, Geological Society, London 1931, Clarke Memorial Lecture, Royal Society of New South Wales 1942, Mueller medal, Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science 1946, honorary fellow, Royal Society of New Zealand.

Events

1894
Education - Bachelor of Arts in Geology (BA) completed at the University of Sydney
1895 - 1898
Career position - Teacher at Bathurst, New South Wales
1898
Career position - Collected coral reef material and data in Fiji and Tonga for the Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology
1899 - 1930
Career position - Geologist with the Geological Survey Branch of the New South Wales Department of Mines and Agriculture
1904
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus andrewsii Maiden. The type was named after Andrews.
1904
Taxonomy event - Eucalyptus deanei Maiden. Andrews collected the type.
1915
Award - David Syme Medal received from the University of Melbourne
1920 - 1930
Career position - Government Geologist in New South Wales
1921
Career position - President of the Royal Society of New South Wales
1922
Career position - Broken Hill District published
1927
Career position - President of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
1928
Career position - Mineral Industry of New South Wales published
1928 - 1932
Career position - Acting President (2 years) then President of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science (ANZAAS)
1929
Career position - Head of the Australian delegations to the Pacific Science Congresses in 1929, 1933 & 1939
1931
Award - Lyell Medal received from the Geological Society of London
1937
Career position - President of the Linnean Society of New South Wales
1942
Award - W.B. Clarke Medal received from the Royal Society of New South Wales
1942
Career position - Clarke Memorial Lecture presented to the Royal Society of New South Wales
1946
Award - ANZAAS Mueller Medal received (Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science)

Archival resources

Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science

  • Australian Botanists - Biographies, MS 064; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details
  • Ernest Clayton Andrews - Records, 1925 - 1944, MS 004; Adolph Basser Library, Australian Academy of Science. Details

Published resources

Encyclopedia of Australian Science Exhibitions

Book Sections

  • Oldroyd, David R., 'Griffith Taylor, Ernest Andrews et al: Early Ideas on the Development of the River Systems of the Sydney Region, Eastern Australia, and Subsequent Ideas on the Associated Geomorphological Problems', in Grapes, R. H., Oldroyd, D. R. and Grigelis, A. (eds), History of Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology, Geological Society, London, 2008, pp. 241-77. Details
  • Walsh, G. P, 'Andrews, Ernest Clayton (1870-1948), geologist', in Bede Nairn and Geoffrey Serle (eds), Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 7, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1979, pp. 67-69. Also available at http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070070b.htm. Details

Journal Articles

  • 'Ernest Clayton Andrews, 1870-1948', Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, vol. 77, 1952, pp. 98-103. Details
  • Andrews, E.C., 'Obituary: Sir Hubert Murray', Australian Journal of Science, vol. 2, no. 5, 1940, pp. 137-138. Details
  • Andrews, E.C., 'The Heroic Period of Geological Work in Australia.', Journal and Proceedings of The Royal Society of New South Wales, vol. lxxvi, 1942, pp. 96-128. Details
  • Cotton, Leo A., 'Obituary: Ernest Clayton Andrews', Australian Journal of Science, vol. 11, no. 2, 1948, pp. 48-49. Details
  • Walkom, A.B., 'Memorial to Ernest Clayton Andrews', Proceedings Volume of the Geological Society of America Annual Report for 1948, 1949, pp. 117-126. Details

Online Resources

McCarthy, G.J. & Walsh, N.